Planning is a basic function of management that has fallen victim to an action orientation popularized by Peters and Waterman’s classic business book “In Search of Excellence: Lessons from America’s Best-Run Companies.”  Their research identified that excellent companies had a “bias for action,” a mindset that has been readily embraced by the business community.  Popular business axioms further encourage this mindset, such as “Do it. Fix it. Try it.” or “Ready. Fire. Aim.”  And Karl Weick, a leading organizational theorist